Unknown (Honchunjeondo, Replica)


The Complete Map of the Celestial Sphere (Hon-cheon-jeon-do), 19th century
Traditional paper, replica, 86.7×59 cm
The Complete Map of the Celestial Sphere (Hon-cheon-jeon-do) is a revised version of a traditional oriental planisphere affected by and combined with the Western astronomical knowledge imported to Joseon Dynasty around the 18th century Korea, which included 33 constellations and 121 stars found only in the Southern Hemisphere. Following the system of the Celestial Planisphere Map Carved on a Stone Slab, this map marks 336 constellations and 1,449 stars along with the solar system in its lower part. In the upper part is the Complete Celestial Planisphere of Seven Stars, a small illustration of the sun, the moon, Mars, Venus, Mercury, Jupiter and Saturn observed through telescope. Alongside that is the Schema of the Solar and Lunar Eclipses which describes the size of each planet, their distance from the Earth, and the principles of solar and lunar eclipses. At the left bottom of the map is a geocentric system based on the theory of Ptolemaios (circa 85?165), called the Old Celestial Planisphere of Seven Stars, while on the right bottom is the sun along with other planets revolving around the Earth, which is based on the idea of Tycho Brahe (1548-1601), called the New Celestial Planisphere of Seven Stars. The knowledge of the constellations of the Southern Hemisphere where the people of Joseon had never experienced and the telescopic images of the sun, the moon and other planets must have given a shock to the Joseon Dynasty. The Complete Star Map provides a unique visual experience by combining the scientific knowledge of the West with the illustrative style of Joseon Dynasty. [Editor]